Surami Administrative unit

       Surami is one of the most unique climate resorts in the whole south Caucasus within the borders of the Post-Soviet Union. Its climate is distinguished for the curing of children and youth`s lungs connected to nonspecified diseases. Surami, which has been given the status of borough since 1926, is situated on the River Suramula banks, at the end of the east slope of Likhi Foothill. Administratively it represents the City Council and combines villages: Bijnisi, Bughaura, Gverdisubani, Big Bekami, Small Bekami, Urtkhva, Zekota, Itria and Cumateleti. Surami is at a distance of 4 kilometers from the rejonal centre – KhaSuri. Besides the comfortable autoroad, it is connected with railway line too. 11 thousand people live in Surami.

The climate in Surami is moderately humid. It is characterized by a moderately cold winter.

The first traces of settlement in Surami is supposedly long before Christ. People have been living there since ancient Bronze Age and this fact is proved by rich archeological remains, discovered in Surami. It was  one of the important ancient Georgian cities. In distant past, trade road crossed Surami stretched between east and west, from India to Pazisi(Poti). Trade goods were carried to Caspian Sea by boats on river Amurdaria and then on river Mtkvari the goods were sent supplied in east Georgia. Trade goods were sent to west Georgia thorought Surami Pass.  Notes aboute these facts are reserved in antique Greek historians and geographers Aristotele`s, Patrocle`s and Eratsotene`s scientific works. Surami began to establish as an city on the boundary it had clearly expressed urban forms. There is assumption that the custom-house existed in Surami and this fact is proved by numerous documents of later period. Supposedly, famous Surami Castle might be built in that time. Surami was densely populated city because of its geographic location. Surami became residence administrative center for Kartlian noblemen (Eristavi), after XII century when  Surami patrimonies (Grigol Suramerli, Beqa Surameli and etc) took leadership. When Mongolians dominated in Georgia, they divided whole country into Dumnies  (Dumny-territorial-administrative unit). Grigol Surameli was the governor of the second Dumny (Kartli). In XIII-XVII centuries like other Georgian cities Surami also was destroyed many times by enemies but in spite of this since XVII Centure Surami has been referred as a city and in XVIII century as a kingdom city was governed by king`s manager. In late feudal era, the importance of Surami Castle had significantly raised for Georgia`s political life. The castle was strategic defense base for Georgians in fights against Ottomans. Surami Castle remained important building for a long time and included to castles fortified by the king Erekle II.

In 1948 Surami was declared as the resort of republic importance. Many cultural monuments are located in Surami and they may become interesting sightseen for any tourist coming from all around the world. In 1996 opened the Residence of Ruisi and Urbnisi Episcopacy  in Surami, where currently housed Surami and Khashuri Episcopacy Residence.

The Surami church of “Kviratskhoveli”, which completely changed the settlement –is new. In many of the documents of the XV-XVII cc we meet Church of “Kviratskhoveli” and hill of the name in Surami. The church, which was of the “darbazi” (hall) type reached us in avery damaged form and it was completely ruined it became possible to build a new church at the support of a known Georgian businessman Valeri Gelashvili. The church is seen from any place of Surami, which alongside with other monuments makes exquisitely attaractive the formed old town.

Surami citadel, castle is one of the most important guarding monument of middle ages of Georgia. It is built on the high rocky hill in the middle of town and the town Surami can not be imagined without it. It is a visit card of Surami. Not only Georgian authors but also foreign ones tell us about Surami castle. Many important events of XVI-XVIII centuries are connected with this castle. The castle is a complex and concists of a wall, citadel, tower, church and the castle itself. Like all castles, Surami Castle also had secret tunnel. According to the tale tunnel was stretched deep under the river Suramula and finished at Christ Ascension Church.

Saint Barbare`s church – this is a basilica-type church. In 2000 the land over the church crumbled and as a result buried parts of the church emerged: floor, Ambion and saint stone with featured on it. Construction of the church was finished in 2005.

Itria Cathedral of the Assumption of Virgin Mary –the temple belongs to XVI centure, this is basilica0type church, built of shaped stones. Cloister is surrounded by fence. In the west side of the temple is located churche (bell) tower supposedly built in XVII century.

Surami Synagogue – located in Surami, so called Jewish`s suburb, Date of built is unknown.The temple has Khakhami and Gabaia.

 

Lesia Ukrainka`s Museum-Library and the Statute – Ukrainian woman writer Lesia Ukrainka (Larisa Kosachi) spent her last days of life in Surami. In 1952 the house where she spent her last days, was opened museum-library. Her statute stands at the yard. The statue was designed by Tamar Abakelia.